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Project in Ukraine

Number of visits: Date:7/29/2013 10:48:46 AM

Company Introduction

Hubei Changyang Hongxin Industrial Group Co.,Ltd(Hongxin Group) is a large resources-exploiting enterprise comprising research, production and marketing, with a workforce of 4800 employees. Headquartered in Changyang country ,Hubei Province ,Hongxin Group has subsidiaries, with total registered capital of more than 500 million RMB(about 85 million US dollars).

Hongxin Group is mainly engaged in the business of Manganese(Mn) series products, such as Electrolytic Manganese Metal Flakes(EMM),Manganese Metal Lumps, Manganese Briquette, Manganese Ore and so on. At present, our annual production of crude Mn ore is about 500,000 tons per year and the annual output of EMM flakes is 140,000 tons and the processing capacity of MNBQ, FEMN and Mn Metal Lumps is nearly 50,000 tons per year. Hongxin Group ranks among the top Mn metal firms in the world.

One of the biggest advantages is processing abundant Mn ore resources at home and abroad. We own two Mn mines located in Hubei and Hunan province with proved reserves near forty million tons. At the end of 2009, Hongxin Group acquired the mining rights to a high quality Mn mine in the Ukraine, with estimated reserves of 560 million tons. In the next five years, manganese ore extraction is expected to reach 2000-3000 million tons per year.

Hongxin Group seeks clients worldwide for additional business partnerships.



Project in Ukraine

In 2010, Hubei Changyang Hongxin Industrial Group Co..Ltd acquired the mining rights to six districts of the mining area in VELIKO-TOKMATSKY in Ukraine through its subsidiary: Hong yang Company, a British off-shore company.

The manganese reserve is located in northern area which is about 20 kilometers away from the city of Zaporozhye, Ukraine. The total reserve area consists of eight districts. The proven reserve volume is around 780 million metric tons and it is considered the largest manganese reserve area in the world. The proven reserve volume for the six districts that the company acquired is about 600 million metric tons. The area of the six district is about 232 square kilometers. The reserve mainly consists of superior, high-grade carbon dioxide manganese ore  and it also consists of a small percentage of oxidized manganese ore.

The reserve area is about ten kilometers away from the local train station and is less than ten kilometers away from the Dnieper River harbor. The mine reserve area has easy access to the water reserve and transportation system around it. The infrastructure for electricity, gas and fresh water are well developed.

Construction Plan

The project six- year long construction goal is to build a project with an annual production capacity of extracting 5 million metric tons of manganese ores and of manufacturing two hundred thousand metric tons of Electrolytic Manganese. The total investment for this six- year construction period is about 500 million US dollars and will be in three phases.

The first phase is about two years long and the total investment is about 300 million US dollars. The first phase construction plan has been approved by the Development and Planning Commission and the Commerce Department of Hunan Province and Hubei Province Separately. The plan is also registered by those two government agencies at the national level.

This project has gained great support from the local government in Ukraine and the company’s project team is working on getting all the paperwork for construction permit from the Ukrainian government. We hired the Ukrainian National Design Institute to help us design the project construction plan and produce the blueprint.

We expect the first phase contraction will start in the second quarter of 2014.  Upon the completion, this phase will create two thousand job opportunities and will bring the local government tax revenue of 20 million US dollars. The project will start the very first Electrolytic Manganese factory in Ukraine.

 The Electrolytic Manganese will be sold in Europe and former USSR countries. About 15% of the manganese ores will be used in the factory in Ukraine and the rest will be shipped back to China for sale.



Manganese - an introduction

1. What is manganese?

Manganese is a chemical element, designated by the symbol Mn. It is found as a free element in nature (often in combination with iron), and in many minerals. As a free element, manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels. Manganese is a little-known element other than to a small circle of technical specialists. Yet it is the fourth most used metal in terms of tonnage, being ranked behind iron, aluminum and copper, with in the order of 15 million tons of manganese metal produced in 2010.

2. Uses of manganese

Manganese finds uses in industrial and metallurgical applications (steel making, other non-ferrous alloying applications) and in small quantities for specialized applications with gold, silver and bismuth in the electronics industry. As well, manganese is used for non-metallurgical purposes in batteries and in chemicals (permanganates and sulfates). Up to about 90 percent of manganese is, however, used in the metal alloying industry.

  • Main uses of manganese

Steel becomes harder when it is alloyed with manganese. Hardened steel is important in the manufacture of construction materials like I-beams (24% of manganese consumption), machinery (14% of manganese consumption), and transportation (13% of manganese consumption).

Manganese is essential to iron and steel production by virtue of its sulfur-fixing, deoxidizing, and alloying properties. Steelmaking, including its iron making component, has accounted for most manganese demand, presently in the range of 85% to 90% of the total demand. Among a variety of other uses, manganese is a key component of low-cost stainless steel formulations.

Small amounts of manganese improve the workability of steel at high temperatures, because it forms a high melting sulfide and therefore prevents the formation of a liquid iron sulfide at the grain boundaries. If the manganese content reaches 4% the embrittlement (reduction of normal toughness) of the steel becomes a dominant feature. The embrittlement decreases at higher manganese concentrations and is acceptable at 8%. Steel containing 8% to 15% of manganese can have a high tensile strength of up to 863 MPa.

  • Other uses of manganese

Manganese (IV) oxide was used in the original type of dry cell battery as an electron acceptor from zinc, and is the blackish material found when opening carbon-zinc type flashlight cells. The manganese dioxide is reduced to the manganese oxide-hydroxide MnO(OH) during discharging, preventing the formation of hydrogen at the anode of the battery.

The same material also functions in newer alkaline batteries (usually battery cells), which use the same basic reaction, but a different electrolyte mixture

  • Aluminum alloys

The second large application for manganese is as alloying agent for aluminum. Aluminum with a manganese content of roughly 1.5% has an increased resistance against corrosion due to the formation of grains absorbing impurities which would lead to galvanic corrosion. The corrosion resistant aluminum alloys 3004 and 3104 with a manganese content of 0.8 to 1.5% are the alloy used for most of the beverage cans

  • Substitutes and alternative sources

There are presently no adequate substitutes for manganese in its varied applications.

3. Manganese products

Steelmaking calls for manganese ferroalloys with high-, medium-, or low-carbon content, and silico-manganese. Three types of manganese ferroalloy products are produced to feed the steel industry:

  • High carbon ferro-manganese alloys (>2% carbon) -- largest ferroalloy input to steel making (70% of alloy production)
  • Refined ferro-manganese alloys and (<2% carbon) (12% ferro alloys)
  • Silico-manganese alloys (18% alloy input)

Ferromanganese is added to steel to harden and toughen it without making it brittle, and to increase its abrasion resistance. The alloy is produced by heating a mixture of iron oxide and manganese oxide with carbon (coke and coal), in either a submerged arc furnace or a blast furnace where the carbon acts as a reductant. The reaction produces ferromanganese, which contains a high 76--80% of manganese.

Silico-manganese contains about 65--68% of manganese and significantly lower carbon because of the presence of silicon. When its carbon content is less than 0.1%, it is used as a reducing agent to produce low-carbon ferromanganese.

Electrolytic manganese is used in products that require manganese in its pure form. Manganese ore is taken through several treatment processes to obtain manganese of almost 99.9% purity.

4. Manganese ores and sources

Manganese ore comes from a few countries which have large high grade deposits. The largest occurrences of economic manganese deposits are sedimentary in origin -- from volcanic or weathering activity. Manganese is mined primarily as an oxide or carbonate -- most deposits will have both minerals present to some degree.

Manganese oxide minerals must be treated to increase their manganese content to between 40 and 48 percent for ferroalloy production. Manganese carbonates must, however, be converted to oxides by roasting prior to further treatment.

Manganese ores are classified as metallurgical, chemical or battery grade ores. Metallurgical grade ores that feed the iron and steel industry require limits on iron, silica and phosphorous. For battery grade ores, manganese is expressed in terms of the oxide -- manganese dioxide -- and ores should typically contain 70% to 85% percent MnO2 (44% to 53% Mn).

The largest manganese ore production comes from the following countries -- South Africa, Australia, Brazil, China, Gabon, Mexico and Ghana. South Africa, in fact, is reported to host some 80% of the world's known manganese recoverable resources. The western hemisphere has two producing sources of manganese ores -- Mexico and Brazil. Resources in these countries are however dwindling and new supply sources will be required.

Manganese ores and concentrates from them can have a wide range of product qualities. While the manganese content must be high enough for acceptable market specification, the physical character and deleterious elements such as phosphorous may handicap its use.

5. Manganese markets

About two thirds of manganese ores traded on the free market is sold by contracts (generally of one year's duration) between producer and user. Other forms of trade will include integrated sales (integrated firms) and spot market purchases for surpluses.

Manganese trading has shifted from basic ores to higher processed ferroalloys listed above. This trend however depends on low cost energy availability. Traded manganese ore and ferroalloy tonnages seem to match somewhat. In 2010, for instance, total alloy production was 14.6 million tonnes for an apparent consumption of 14.8 million tonnes to give a shortfall of 0.2 million tonnes. On the ore side, concentrate production (in contained manganese terms) was 15.2 million tonnes and consumption was 13.7 million tonnes (1.5 million tonnes of excess).

Current estimates are that ore production will grow by 5.5% year on year between 2011 and 2015. This will result 20 million tonnes (contained manganese) of ore being on the markets in 2015. The forecast demand up to 2015 is to exceed this production by at least 2 million tonnes. This calls for production expansion or the commissioning of new production.

Manganese concentrates are priced in dry metric tonne units (dmtu). 1 dmtu is the price for 1% of manganese concentrate. Price has gone as high as US$18/dmtu when manganese was in high demand. It is currently trading in the US$4.50 to US$5.50/dmtu. A 44% Mn concentrate is worth US$220/MT if the going price is US$5.00/dmtu ($5/dmtu x 44%).

Manganese concentrate specifications will usually list what are considered best ores for end use requirements. Best ores for manganese ferroalloy production, for instance, must have an iron ratio of 7.5 to 1, be easy to reduce, consume low energy, and be low in contaminants (such as phosphorous of less than 0.13%). Furnace operators determine ore suitability depending on their ability to blend ores and manage iron, manganese and silica ratios to feed their operations


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